• A contract of employment may be ended with the agreement of both parties, or by the employer or employee giving the required amount of notice.

  • An employee may make a claim of constructive dismissal if they feel they had no choice but to resign, for example if they feel that there has been a fundamental breach or change to their contract.

  • Older workers can choose when they retire and can take any occupational pension they’re entitled to. Usually the employer cannot force an employee to retire.

  • Employees can be dismissed for reasons such as gross misconduct or a fundamental breach of contract. A fair and robust process should be followed where all parties have certain rights and responsibilities.

  • When employers wish to make employees redundant they must follow a clear and fair process. The Labour Relations Agency has a redundancy flowchart and sample letters which can help employers and employees in this situation.

  • If the employer or employee wishes to end the employment relationship they must give each other notice.

  • When an individual’s employment is due to end, the employer must calculate his/her final pay.