Flexible working can deliver a win-win situation where employees are happier and more engaged because they are better able to manage the various demands on their time.
All pregnant employees are entitled to time off to keep appointments for antenatal care made on the advice of a registered medical practitioner, registered midwife or registered health visitor.
A person in a qualifying relationship with the pregnant employee is entitled to unpaid time off work to accompany the expectant mother to two antenatal appointments.
In addition to contracts of employment, a number of other types of contracts exist.
An employee who is an official of an independent trade union is entitled to paid time off in certain circumstances.
Disciplinary procedures are used for dealing with problems with employees' conduct or their performance, which could lead to warnings or dismissal.
Parents of children under the age of seventeen (or disabled children under the age of eighteen) and carers of adults have the right to apply to their employer to work more flexibly.
Employees, workers and contractors have different rights and responsibilities.