Children, Employment of
For the purposes of employment, a child is defined as being under school leaving age and the employment of children is governed primarily by the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 and associated legislation, The Employment of Children Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996. Children cannot be employed:
- if they are under the age of 13
- for more than 1 hour before school opening time and anytime before school finishing time
- before 7am in the morning and after 7pm in the evening on any day
- for more than 2 hours on a school day
- in any occupation other than those permitted by the legislation, which includes, for example, newspaper delivery, office work, shop work (with restrictions), domestic work etc.
- without the written consent of their parents
Other restrictions for employment of children under the age of 15 and those over the age of 15 are detailed in the Regulations. The Regulations also set out a requirement for an employer to give notice to the appropriate Education Board of their intention to employ a child and if approved, the Board shall issue an Employment Card.
See Children’s Law Centre: http://www.childrenslawcentre.org
Children’s Order http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1995/uksi_19950755_en_1
Employment of Children Regulations http://www.northernireland-legislation.hmso.gov.uk/sr/sr1996/Nisr_19960477_en_1.htm